Authentic Ghanaian Groundnut Soup (Nkate Nkwan) Recipe.

The soup is made from groundnuts (peanuts), which are roasted and ground into a smooth paste. This paste forms the base, along with tomatoes, onions, spices, and your choice of protein (chicken, beef, fish, or a vegetarian option).

Flavor Profile: Nkate Nkwan is rich, delicious, and slightly nutty soup when prepared from spices like ginger and pepper.

Serving Style: It’s typically served with fufu, banku, rice balls (omo tuo), or boiled yams for a complete meal.


Origins: Groundnut soup has its roots in West Africa, with variations across the region. The groundnut (peanut) is a staple crop in the area, it is used in many dishes enjoyed by Ghanaians .

Traditional Significance: Nkate Nkwan, like many Ghanaian dishes is made from ingredients and influences that have come into the region over time. This creates depth in flavors and carries the stories of cultures coming together through food.

Regional Variations: While the core idea remains the same, regional and even family-specific differences exist in Nkate Nkwan recipes.. Some use palm oil, others keep the fats lighter. The choice of spices and proteins may also vary.

Festive Occasions: Nkate Nkwan is a dish enjoyed on everyday occasions as well as for special meals and celebrations.

Location: Predominantly prepared in the Ashanti Region of Ghana.

Total Time: Approximately 1 hour 30 minutes


2 cups roasted peanuts (groundnuts), unsalted

1 large onion, chopped

3 medium-sized tomatoes, chopped

2-3 hot chili peppers (optional, adjust to taste)

2 cups chopped spinach or kale

1 cup chopped okra (optional)

2 cloves of garlic, minced

1-inch piece of ginger, grated

1 teaspoon dried shrimp (optional)

1 cup of cooked, shredded chicken or beef (optional)

4 cups of vegetable or chicken broth

Salt and pepper to taste

1 tablespoon palm oil (optional)

Cooked rice or boiled yam, for serving

Utensils and Tools:

  • Large pot or saucepan
  • Blender or food processor
  • Wooden spoon
  • Knife and chopping board
  • Cooking spoon or ladle
  • Bowls for serving

Time needed: 1 hour and 30 minutes

  1. Step 1

    Start by roasting the peanuts: Preheat the oven to 350°F (180°C). Spread the peanuts evenly on a baking sheet and roast them for about 10-15 minutes until they turn golden brown, stirring occasionally. Remove from the oven and let them cool.

  2. Step 2

    Once cooled, grind the roasted peanuts in a blender or food processor until you get a smooth, creamy peanut butter-like consistency. Set aside.

  3. Step 3

    In the same blender or food processor, blend the chopped onions, tomatoes, chili peppers, garlic, and ginger until smooth. If using dried shrimp, add them to the blender as well.

  4. Step 4

    Heat a large pot or saucepan over medium heat. If using palm oil, add it to the pot and let it heat up for a minute.

  5. Step 5

    Pour the blended onion-tomato mixture into the pot and cook, stirring occasionally, for about 10-15 minutes until it thickens and the raw smell disappears.

  6. Step 6

    Add the ground peanuts to the pot and stir well to combine with the onion-tomato mixture.

  7. Step 7

    Gradually pour in the vegetable or chicken broth while stirring continuously to prevent lumps from forming. Bring the soup to a gentle simmer.

  8. Step 8

    If using shredded chicken or beef, add it to the pot along with the chopped spinach or kale and okra, if using. Stir well to incorporate all the ingredients.

  9. Step 9

    Let the soup simmer gently for another 15-20 minutes, stirring occasionally, until it thickens to your desired consistency.

  10. Step 10

    Season the soup with salt and pepper to taste. Adjust the seasoning if necessary.Serve the groundnut soup hot with cooked rice or boiled yam.

Enjoy your delicious and authentic Ghanaian Groundnut Soup (Nkate Nkwan)! It’s a comforting and flavorful dish perfect for any occasion.